Interreg is one of the key instruments of the European Union (EU) supporting cooperation across borders through project funding. Its aim is to jointly tackle common challenges and find shared solutions in fields such as health, environment, research, education, transport, sustainable energy and more.
Interreg is one of the two goals of the EU Cohesion Policy in the 2014-2020 period and it is funded by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF). It has a budget of EUR 10.1 billion invested in the several cooperation programmes responsible for managing project funding.
Interreg has three types of programmes:
- Cross border (60 programmes)
- Transnational (15 programmes)
- Interregional (4 programmes)
Interreg contributes around EUR 1 billion to EU external border cooperation programmes supported by the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA) and the European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI).
2014-2020 is the fifth period of Interreg and therefore it is called Interreg V. In accordance with the new design of the EU Cohesion Policy and the targets set out in Europe 2020 Strategy, Interreg has been significantly reshaped to achieve greater impact and an even more effective use of the investments. Key elements of the reform are concentration, simplification and result orientation. Interreg V is based on 11 investment priorities (thematic objectives).
Where does Interreg fit in the EU funding structure?
What is the EU Cohesion Policy
‘Cohesion policy’ is one of the policies of the European Union funding hundreds of thousands of projects all over Europe from the European Regional Development Fund, the European Social Fund and the Cohesion Fund.
It is the policy under which thousands of Interreg cooperation projects also get funding to tackle specific challenges throughout the European Union.
The European Regional Development Fund
The European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) is a fund allocated by the European Union aiming to help to redress the main regional imbalances in the Union. It aims to allow less advantageous regions to start attracting private sector investments, and create jobs on their own.
Strands of Cooperation
Using our search programme interactive map you can find out which are the areas covered by your programmes.
You can apply for your own project based on the criteria of the current programmes
Cross - Border Cooperation
Interreg cross-border cooperation, known as Interreg A, supports cooperation between NUTS III regions from at least two different Member States lying directly on the borders or adjacent to them.
Interreg transnational cooperation, known as Interreg B, involves regions from several countries of the EU forming bigger areas where it aims to promote better cooperation and regional development within the Union by a joint approach to tackle common issues.
Interreg has 4 interregional cooperation programmes, known as Interreg C : Interreg Europe, Interact, Urbact and Espon. The interregional programmes are geographically “pan-European” covering vast areas.
The Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (IPA) Cross - Border Cooperation
Interreg IPA CBC supports cross-border co-operation between candidate countries, potential candidate countries and EU Member States, to contribute in their accession preparations with a territorial and cross-border focus.
European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI) Cross - Border Cooperation
A total of 15 programmes are implemented under ENI CBC. They cover 12 land borders, one sea crossing and three sea basins, stretching from Finland and Russia in the north, to countries like Hungary and Ukraine in the east, and Italy, Northern Africa and the Middle East in the south.